research areas of interest


Global & сomparative сriminology


Health & justice


Trauma & mental health


Criminological theory




Violent conflicts


research focus


My research has a global focus and lies at the intersection of criminology, medical sociology and social psychology. It addresses the following questions:

  • Why do people engage in crime and violence?
  • What shapes victimization and trauma of vulnerable populations?
  • What is the relationship between stress/mental health, crime, and criminal justice/police contact experiences?

To answer these questions, my team collects data across different countries and uses both quantitative and qualitative methodologies.

My most recent projects focus on two themes: 

  • How global disasters such as wars, violent conflicts, and public health crises shape important life outcomes of individuals including trauma, mental health, victimization, and violence.
  • How social environment influences violence and crime among vulnerable populations, especially youth, the nuances of criminal decision-making, and how these factors are linked to police contact and perceptions.


peer-reviewed publications

* denotes student co-author; † denotes equal authorship


Botchkovar E., Kafafian M., Timmer A., Antonaccio, O., Hughes L., & Johnson R. (2024). When the World Falls Apart: How People Make Decisions in the Times of War. Accepted for Publication at Crime and Delinquency


Jawaid, A., Mihaila, A.*, & Timmer A. (2024). Gaza and the Vicious Cycle of Generational Trauma. Mental Health and Prevention, 33, 200325.


Iesue, L., Timmer A., Lozovska O.*, González, J., & Jawaid, A. (2024). Intimate Partner Violence During a Public Health Crisis: Variations in Conflict and Post Conflict Contexts. Crime and Delinquency.


Timmer, A., Antonaccio O., Botchkovar E., & Hughes L. (2024). Deciding to Commit Crime in Adolescence: Do Moral Beliefs Matter? Journal of Crime and Justice, 47(2), 155-70.


Timmer, A., Antonaccio, O., French M., & Botchkovar, E. (2024). Youth Decision-Making and Crime: The Influences of Stressful Conditions, Adverse Mental and Physical States, and Conventional Activities. Crime and Delinquency, 70(1), 87-125.


Timmer, A., Antonaccio, O., Botchkovar, E., Johnson, R., & Hughes, L. (2023). Violent Conflict in Contemporary Europe: Specifying the Relationship Between War Exposure and Interpersonal Violence in a War-Weary Country. The British Journal of Criminology, 63(1), 18-39.


Timmer, A., & Jacobsen C.* (2023). Untangling the ‘Health Paradox’ among Adolescent Girls: The Role of Immigration Status, Depression and Decision-Making. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 18(4), 632–46.


Timmer, A., Johnson R., Antonaccio O., Botchkovar E., & Hughes L. (2023). Forced to Flee Out and Down: Depression Following the Russian Invasion and Displacement of the Ukrainian People. Peace and Conflict, 29(3), 266–75.


Timmer, A. & Iesue L. (2023). The Impact of Trauma on Mental Health and Violence in Ukraine. Ukrainian Society, 3(86), 55–65.


Jawaid, A., Gomolka M.*, & Timmer A. (2022). Neuroscience of Trauma and the Russian Invasion of Ukraine. Nature Human Behaviour. 6, 748-49.


Timmer, A., Johnson O., & Nowotny K.M. (2022). Multiple Disadvantage and Social Networks: Toward an Integrated Theory of Health Care Use During Reentry from Criminal Justice Settings. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. Advance Online Publication.


Iesue, L., Lozovska O.*, Timmer A., & Jawaid, A. (2022). Who is Suffering Gender-Based Violence in Ukraine? A Snapshot of Domestic Violence During War and a Global Pandemic. Ukrainian Society, 3(82): 52–63.


Timmer, A., Johnson, R., Antonaccio, O., & Botchkovar, E. (2022). Stress and Depression as Pathways between Violent Conflict Exposure and Moral Beliefs: Why People Sometimes Condone ‘Bad’ Things. Peace and Conflict, 28(2), 184–200.


Regalado J.*, Timmer A., & Jawaid, A. (2022) Crime and Deviance during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sociology Compass. 16(4), e12974.


Hughes L., Botchkovar E., Antonaccio, O., & Timmer A. (2022). Schools, Subcultural Values, and Youth Violence: Assessing the Code of the Street among Students in Three U.S. Cities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 51, 244–60.


Timmer A. (2021). ‘Health Paradox’ and Former Soviet Union Immigrants: Towards an Integrated Theoretical Framework. Ukrainian Society, 3(78): 9–20.


Timmer, A., & Nowotny, K. M. (2021). Mental Illness and Mental Health Care Treatment among Persons with Criminal Justice Involvement in the United States. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 32(1), 397–422.


Timmer A., Antonaccio, O., & French, M. (2021). Hot or Cool Processing? Adolescent Decision-Making and Delinquency. Justice Quarterly, 38(6), 961–94.


Cancio, R.†, Kuptsevych-Timmer, A.†, & Omori, M. (2020). Perpetual War with the Brother Nation: An Analysis of Ukrainian Veterans, Cultural Identity and Historical Trauma. Journal of War and Culture Studies, 13(3), 219–36.


Kuptsevych-Timmer, A., Antonaccio, O., Botchkovar, E. V., & Smith, W. R. (2019). Scared or Attached? Unraveling Important Links in Strain-Crime Relationships Among School Students. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology63(8), 1175–201.


Nowotny, K. M., Kuptsevych-Timmer, A., & Oser, C. (2019). Criminal Justice Contact and Health Service Utilization among Women across Health Care Settings: Analyzing the Role of Arrest. Women’s Health Issues29(2), 125–34.


Nowotny, K. M., & KuptsevychTimmer, A. (2018). Health and Justice: Framing Incarceration as a Social Determinant of Health for Black Men in the United States. Sociology Compass12(3), 1–15.